Monday, September 13, 2010

The Anatomy of an International Adoption Crisis

E.J. Graff's Foreign Policy article is out.  She examines adoption from Vietnam in 2007-08 as a case study in larger problems of international adoption:
It seemed like a nightmare right out of Kafka. In late 2007 and early 2008, Americans with their adopted babies in arms, or pictures of babies to come, were being stonewalled by faceless U.S. bureaucrats. The U.S. government refused to issue visas that would allow those babies to come home from Vietnam -- and wouldn't explain why.

Thirteen families, supported by dozens of other parents-to-be, desperately did what they could to attract publicity, calling in the New York Times, ABC News, and members of Congress. They launched campaigns on the web, sent petitions to friends and neighbors, and barraged the relevant offices with pleas for help. And still, for months, the State Department and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) refused to issue their babies the requisite visas -- for reasons that seemed irrelevant. One couple from Queens, New York, said they were told that the baby they had legally adopted in Vietnam would not be able to come home with them for what they called a "bewilderingly minute point": A Tam Ky Orphanage guard in Vietnam's Quang Nam province had failed to note the child's arrival in his logbook.

But inside their fog of secrecy, the faceless bureaucrats were also agonizing about the well-being of the children and their families. Based on hundreds of pages of documents received via Freedom of Information Act requests, this article gives a never-before-seen glimpse at how the State Department discovered what it believed to be a gray market in "adoptable" babies and debated what to do about it, trying each of its inadequate tools in turn.

According to these internal documents, the State Department was confident it had discovered systemic nationwide corruption in Vietnam -- a network of adoption agency representatives, village officials, orphanage directors, nurses, hospital administrators, police officers, and government officials who were profiting by paying for, defrauding, coercing, or even simply stealing Vietnamese children from their families to sell them to unsuspecting Americans. And yet, as these documents reveal, U.S. officials in Hanoi did not have the right tools to shut down the infant peddlers while allowing the truly needed adoptions to continue. Understanding how little the State Department and USCIS could do, despite how hard they tried, helps reveal what these U.S. government agencies need to respond more effectively in the current adoption hot spots, Nepal and Ethiopia -- and in whatever country might be struck by adoption profiteering next.
A truly disturbing and fascinating read, and an important contribution to the ongoing policy debate about international adoption.


Research-China.Org said...

The article should answer once and for all the question: "If there is corruption in a program, why doesn't the State Department stop adoptions."


Sandy said...

Everyone needs to read this article. It makes you stop and think about how you can lend your voice to be part of the solution...

Terri said...

I notice that the comments on the article itself (I saw only two) claim that EJ Graff is spreading lies and that the U.S. Government is preventing well-meaning American adoptive families from adopting the babies who so desperately need them.

I so hate hearing adoption professionals and adoptive parents who believe adoption is all about the adopters. (It's a national conspiracy to prevent them from having the babies they deserve!) I'm glad Malinda and others continue to raise their voices for making adoption more ethical.